According to the ACGME, residents are at increased risk for burnout and emotional fatigue. Taking care of ill patients is a demanding and sensitive job that may result in emotional fatigue, which leads to decreased physical and mental energy. When a resident physician is fatigued, he or she is more likely to make a medical error.
Each KCU-GME Consortium residency program participates in the Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI: Human Services Survey for Medical Personnel, on an annual basis. This tool, authored by Christina Maslach and Susan E. Jackson, is a measurement of three dimensions of burnout—exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Studies using the Maslach Burnout Inventory revealed resident burnout contributes to patient harm due to decreased rates of cognitive functioning (Dewa, Loong, Bonato, Trojanowski, & Rea, 2017). The goal of the survey is to learn about the extent of resident burnout to provide interventions that may decrease burnout.
Programs also promote resident wellness and assess fatigue management and mitigation through faculty development and a resident core curriculum that accompanies the results of the annual Maslach Burnout Inventory. This evidence-based process to improve resident burnout and patient safety are a priority for the KCU-GME Consortium.
Dewa, C. S., Loong, D., Bonato, S., Trojanowski, L., & Rea, M. (2017). The relationship between resident burnout and safety-related and acceptability-related quality of healthcare: a systematic literature review. BMC Medical Education, 17, 195. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-017-1040-y